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[News] Urban regeneration in Portland

Portland, Oregon, advanced city neighborhood of large U.S. cities, as one of the environment is located in the Pacific Northwest unit of Citizen Autonomy Organization of the people for.Civic participation enabled typical city. The port town thrive on the Pacific, located between San Francisco and Seattle, Portland Willamette River and in the north of the city, and is now home to a population of approximately 65 million people.Columbia R will meet.

Established 1851, the city has a population drop since the early years of the city has been little time, since export industry is the main attack, but deer and beaver fur and flour.Like many cities in the United States, and is a rapid growth in agriculture and forestry, 1930 - progress thanks to the 1940s many shipyards and steel plant is built and along the Willamette River.Has developed into an industrial area. In the late 1940s, the Pacific War has begun in earnest, and Portland became the hub of trade and logistics city's northwest coast and become a shipyard city growth. Portland in the 1970s that has evolved an industrial city city growth will be a turning point in the right. In the late 1960s and 70s were growing by leaps and bounds, and the U.S. economy with growth of the auto industry over the industry evolves, as in the country of people in cities was introduced. Suburban housing development throughout the United States and highway infrastructure, in particular according to the expansion goes straight and Oregon also was no exception. The Portland Willamette River flowing in the heart of the industrial development, America's most polluted river, the half the year, and has become transformed by photochemical smog in the city The alarm went off. The auto industry in the 1960s heyday of the people, many residents have migrated to the suburbs and the downtown after the evening in the disappearance of a joint a city transformed.
From the late 1960s and downtown, environmental pollution in the early 1970s dwindled away to the status of the city of Portland residents are environmental conservation, that can not leave it any longer.The main campaign pledge Tom McColl, a Governor elected by and Oregon, who has since Oregon to protect the environment policy in a row to reach. In 1969, the agriculture and forestry infrastructure for local industry in Oregon, including expanded and would attend to the environmental conservation, all poetry and complete the federal government land by the end of 1971.The comprehensive land use planning and joning to obligatory for the proposed ‘state bill 10’ bill that passed a bill in Congress, Oregon. Neil Gold Schmitz, who opposed the highway construction project in Portland mayor in 1976 was re-elected and highway construction was stopped and supported by the federal government.(time) $ 5 million highway construction budget was found its way in improving light rail, buses and major roads. The federal government after the four highway is completed to date since the mid-1980s are not new highway was built in Portland.

도시성장경계선(UGB: Urban Growth Boundary)에 대한 이미지 검색결과
<Portland City Growth Boundary>

Portland has a UGB (Urban Growth Boundary) created in 1979 under Oregon's law and a metropolitan government called the Metro government that governs it. Metro government is a metropolitan administrative body founded by a referendum in the urban area in 1978, a year before the growth boundary was established, and evaluates every five years whether UGB needs to be expanded to provide housing, commercial and industrial land for a long time, to determine the expansion area by analyzing the growth status of the area, infrastructure, and the need for green areas, and establish a public transport system associated with urban planning. And under the plan, each city will draw up urban plans led by public transportation, pursue development and regeneration projects, and a wide-area mass transit company like "Trimet" will run buses, light rail and trams. Metro government also enhances citizens' environmental awareness in Metro areas by developing and managing comprehensive plans for waste disposal, recycling, green and open spaces, and ecological protection. The urban growth boundary is invisible, but Portland's landscape conservation, industrial promotion and housing development play an important role in balancing, thereby preserving the natural environment and protecting agriculture and farmland in places not far from central Portland by allowing only development within certain areas. There are few landmarks or landmark buildings designed by famous architects in Portland because of the importance of harmonizing street scenery with the design process and careful design guidelines that reflect citizens' opinions. Portland design architects pay particular attention to design, including the entrance to shops and windows where pedestrian traffic is high, the texture of signboards and walls, and contacts with India, and these standards also apply to renovations of existing buildings. It will create design guidelines for buildings and open spaces considering the harmony of the entire earth, which will be used as an indicator to create an orderly continuous space while enhancing the characteristics and individuality of the province in urban development and redevelopment projects. Portland is one of the representative cities cited as a cultural urban renewal case that uses historic buildings and assets dearly. brick-and-mortar factories and warehouses that are more than 100 years old have been recreated through urban renewal, showing the city's old footprints, and being used as a material that reveals the characteristics of the earth and the whole city. Also, in the heart of the city, there are numerous multi-use buildings lined up, so the streets are always vibrant with a variety of people, both day and night The use of successful buildings in Portland is a method introduced in the development of downtown sections to eliminate the stark difference between day and night populations and to create a vibrant city all the time.

포틀랜드에 대한 이미지 검색결과

Cities with diverse personalities and tolerance, free, creative and open cultural cities, refined transportation infrastructure and environmentally friendly buildings, people-centered eco-friendly cities with impressive spacious and easy-to-walk roads, innovative cities of attraction that bring together people who want to live not only in the U.S. but also around the world, and cities that choose to be small and sustainable are various nicknames referring to Portland. What made this city's present possible was the city's people who proudly guarded and revived Portland's local culture and lifestyle.